A sermon on Matthew 7:6.
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MATT 7.6: DO BE DISCERNING
[Chelmsford 24 June 2012]
We live in an age of political correctness:
no longer should we speak of ladies and gentlemen, but of men and women;
no longer should we speak of the handicapped, but of the disabled;
no longer should we speak of the educationally sub-normal but rather of people
with learning difficulties.
Jesus would have failed the test of political correctness.
Jesus could be quite earthy in his language - and no more so than in the verse which
forms our text this morning. Matt 7.6: "Do not give what is holy to dogs – they will
only turn and attack you. Do not throw your pearls in front of pigs - they will
only trample them under foot."
Although these words of Jesus have been interpreted in various ways, everybody is
agreed upon one thing: Jesus was not talking literally about animals, but about
people. Jesus was likening some people to curs in the street - and others to swine.
Goodness, this language does not exactly sit happily with the picture of Jesus many
have of being "gentle, meek and mild". But then Jesus was no spineless wimp.
Jesus was a strong character - and Jesus could say, and indeed do, pretty tough things.
To understand what Jesus was saying we need to look at more closely at the animal
pictures he drew.
When Jesus spoke of dogs, he did not have in mind cuddly pets with wagging
tails and affectionate natures, friendly creatures that love to have their backs
scratched. They were semi-wild hounds that roamed the streets and hills, tongues
hanging from their mouths and burrs clinging to their filthy coats as they foraged
for food in savage packs. They were not the kind of dog you would want your
child to touch. They were the kind of dog you needed to beware of.
•When Jesus spoke of pigs, he did not have in mind the frolicking piglets of Marsh
Farm. Remember, Jesus was a Jew, and for Jews pigs were loathsome ‘unclean’
animals - not to be eaten in any circumstances. No worse fate could have befallen
the Prodigal Son than to have had to look after pigs. A job cleaning toilets all day
in a service station would have been infinitely preferable. Furthermore, pigs were
not simply ‘unclean’ animals - they were violent animals. The Palestinian
domestic pig was probably derived from the European wild boar. You had to
watch your step if you encountered one of them.
Yes, we need to bear all this in mind when we hear Jesus saying: "Do not give what
is holy to the dogs - don't throw your pearls in front of pigs". The common
underlying theme is that we should not give anything of value to wild animals.
In the first place Jesus says don’t feed "what is holy" being fed to dogs. The
food in question was no ordinary food, but food that had been consecrated in
temple worship and set aside to be eaten only by the priests and their families.
To give such food to dogs would have been tantamount to sacrilege. A bit
like a Roman Catholic priest giving the remains of consecrated communion
bread to the ducks - the faithful would be horrified.
2.Jesus envisages a man feeding pearls to some wild pigs. In every sense of the
word, an act of madness. What's more, this unthinkable act would not be met
with any form of appreciation - rather it would simply madden the pigs even
more. Because when they discovered that the pearls were too hard to chew,
quite tasteless, and utterly unappetizing, they would become even more
fiercesome. Enraged, the wild animals spit out the pearls, turn on the man,
and tear him to pieces.
Beware of the dog - beware of the pig too.
Be discerning about what you give these animals.
There is only one other place in Scripture where these two animals are brought
together, and that is in 2 Peter 2.22. There Peter talks about certain "false teachers"
and their followers. He applies to them two proverbs: "A dog goes back to what is
has vomited"; and "A pig that has been washed goes back to roll in the mud".
Not the most edifying of pictures!
Who did Jesus have in mind? Who were the people he likened to dogs and the pigs?
•Narrow-minded orthodox Jews in Jesus' day would have identified the dogs and
pigs with any kind of sinner - and not least with Gentile sinners who did not
belong to the Jewish faith. The Gentiles were beyond the pale, outside the
covenant people, condemned to perish unless they embraced the Jewish faith and
accepted the Law of Moses.
Did Jesus have the Gentile world in mind? Surely not. Jesus never discriminated
on racial grounds. True, for the most part Jesus worked amongst Jews - yet he
was not averse to helping non-Jews too. My mind goes to the occasion when
Jesus healed the servant of a Roman centurion and marvelled at his faith. On
another occasion he healed the daughter of a distraught Syrian mother. Far from
condemning the Gentiles, he had some very harsh words to say about the Jewish
religious leaders of his day - calling them "hypocrites" & "whitewashed tombs".
When Jesus spoke of not casting pearls before swine he was not speaking of man-
made distinctions like those of race and class.
•At a very early stage in the history of the early church this text became associated
with the Lord's Supper, and the dogs and the pigs became the unbaptised.
In the Didache, the first service order book of the Christian church, to be dated
around 100 AD, we find these words: "Let no one eat or drink of your Eucharist
except those baptised into the name of the Lord; for as regards this, the Lord hs
said, 'Give not that which is holy unto dogs'" The unbaptised were actually asked
to leave the service when the Lord's Supper was about to be celebrated.
Similarly in another document of the early church, the Apostolic Constitutions, we
read that at the beginning of the Lord's Supper a deacon should say: "Let none of
the catachumens (i.e. those still under instruction), let none of the hearers (i.e.
those who had come to the service because they were interested in the Christian
faith), let none of the unbelievers, let none of the heretics, stay here" . In those
days the Lord's Table was well and truly fenced. In many ways the early church
was a bit like the Exclusive Brethren. But no NT scholar today would ever
suggest that Jesus here had the unbaptized and the Lord's Supper in mind.
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Who then did Jesus have in mind? Clearly Jesus was not referring to unbelievers in
general. Why, at the end of this Gospel we find the Ascending Lord Jesus telling his
disciples to "go and make disciples of all nations". [In the words of John Calvin, it
is our duty "to present the doctrine of salvation indiscriminately to all"].
The dogs & the pigs are those who persistently ridicule & mock the Christian faith;
those who have as much appreciation for the things of God as dogs have for food that
has been consecrated in temple worship, and as pigs have for pearls.
They are not simply people who are far away from God, but people who have
decisively - even defiantly - turned their backs on God (so Stott).
"It ought to be understood", said John Calvin, "that dogs and swine are names given
not to every kind of debauched men, or to those who are destitute of the fear of God
and of true godliness, but to those who, by clear evidences, have manifested a
hardened contempt of God, so that their disease appears to be incurable"..
Chrysostom, the great 4th century bishop of Constantinople, said something very
similar, when he identified the "dogs" as people "living in incurable godliness".
I.e. Jesus was saying that there are occasions when it is not right to share the Gospel.
There are times when we need to be discerning.
The Rabbis actually said something similar about the Law: "Even as a treasure must
not be shown to everyone, so with the words of the Law; one must not go deeply into
them, except in the presence of suitable people".
The difference between the Rabbis and Jesus was that the Rabbis felt only respectable
people were suitable for discovering the treasures of the Law - whereas Jesus had the
deepest of concerns for the outcasts of his society - people such as tax-collectors and
Yet even Jesus felt there were times when a line should be drawn - there were times
when discernment was called for.
I find it significant that when Jesus came before King Herod and then before
Pontius Pilate, he had nothing to say to them. Jesus at his trial made no attempt to
win over these two men. Both these men were much too corrupt and much too
cynical in their approach to God and to life. They were far too hardened, to listen
to his message concerning the Kingdom of God.
•When Jesus sent out the twelve on their first mission, he warned them that some
people would be unreceptive of their message: "If some home or town will not
welcome you or listen to you, then leave that place and shake the dust off
your feet". (Matt 10.14). There comes a point when to persist in offering the
gospel is to invite its rejection with contempt and even blasphemy.
•Paul likewise seems to have adopted the same principle. E.g. Luke tells us that at
Corinth when the Jews "opposed him and said evil things about him, he
protested by shaking the dust from his clothes and saying to them, ‘If you are
lost, you yourselves must take the blame for it! I am not responsible. From
now on I will go to the Gentiles'" (Acts 18.6).
So what does all this have to say to us?
It seems to me that there are a number of lessons which we may draw from this
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1. The Gospel is of immense value
Let's begin by reminding ourselves that the Gospel is of immense value.
I know that we must not press every detail of the stories and pictures Jesus told and
drew, but nonetheless I believe it is no accident that Jesus spoke of pearls rather than
of gravel. The Gospel is of infinite worth.
My mind goes to one of the very short parables Jesus told and which Matthew
includes at a later point in his Gospel: "The kingdom of heaven is like this. A man
is looking for fine pearls, and when he finds one that is unusually fine, he goes
and sells everything he has, and buys that pearl" (Matt 13.45,46).
The good news which is to be found in Jesus is worth every penny we have - it is
beyond price - it is wonderful beyond words.
For in Jesus our sins are forgiven - in Jesus there is promise of a life which goes
beyond the grace. There is nothing which can compare.
Here is then a challenge.
And the challenge is this: discover for yourself the precious gift of all that Jesus offers
– forgiveness for the past, meaning for the present, hope for the future.
Compared to Jesus all the good things of this life are worthless.
For everything else in this world is of passing value – whereas life in God’s kingdom
is of eternal worth.
There is nothing more wonderful in discovering the wonder of God’s love for you in
2. Not all appreciate its value
But Jesus was a realist. He knew from his own experience, that not all would accept
God’s offer of a new life in his Kingdom.
•There are those who accept the good news, and there are those who do not.
•There are those who accept with alacrity, and sadly there are those who turn their
backs on Jesus.
Some, like dogs being offered consecrated food and pigs confronting pearls, are
utterly insensitive to what is before them.
They are unable to appreciate the value of what is being offered.
Indeed, it is more than that they are unappreciative.
They mock and they ridicule what is being offered to them.
[NB Carson: "Their cynical mockery, their intellectual arrogance, their love of moral
decay, and their vaunted self-sufficiency make them utterly impervious to the person
and words of Christ"].
Sadly there are those who almost seem to have a pathological hatred for the Christian
faith. I think for instance of Richard Dawkins, who is so extreme in his diatribes
against the Christian faith that even some of his atheist friends are embarrassed.
Sadly, Dawkins is not alone: there are a host of people in the media today who seem
to have a thing against the church. It saddens me to see the way in which the church
is constantly mocked by some.
I find it a comfort to realise that Jesus knew that this would be the case.
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3. Be discerning in those with whom you share your faith
We need to be discerning when it comes to telling others of the good news of Jesus.
Yes, Jesus is for all - and yet sadly not everyone is a open to hearing that good news.
There are times when our enthusiasm for the Christian faith, far from cutting any ice,
confirms people in their agnosticism or atheism.
In the Book of Ecclesiastes we read: there is a "time for silence” and a “time to
talk" (3.7). It is against this background that we need to interpret the words of Jesus:
"Do not give what is holy to dogs - do not throw yours pearls in front of pigs".
Jesus is saying that we need to be strategically-minded when it comes to our
Think of the parable of the Sower: in that parable we read not only of good soil, but
also of hard soil, of rock soil, of stony soil.
There are soils in which it is pointless to sow the seed of the word.
Shouting our heads off on the street corner about Jesus is not sensible. We need to be
discerning and major rather on those most likely to be responsive to the love of Jesus.
In the first place such people are friends and neighbours.
Sharing our faith with those whom we know is actually more effective than sharing
our faith with those whom we do not know.
Needless to say, at this point we discover a further challenge.
Yes, there is a ‘time for silence’ – but there is also a ‘time to talk’
True, there is no point in throwing pearls before pigs – but there are times when we
need to speak of the pearl of great price – of the amazing difference that Jesus makes
4. There are no limits to loving
There is a final challenge – and that is this: if there are limits to faith-sharing, there
are never limits to loving. Indeed, within this same Sermon on the Mount Jesus
declared: "Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you" (Matt 5.44)
Love can never be limited to those who might be potential believers - love is to be all-
inclusive. However cynical, however mocking, however hardened people may appear
to be against the Christian faith, we are still called to love them.
And therein lies hope even for the "dogs" and the "pigs" - for those stubbornly turn
their backs upon Christ For the hope is that the love of God in action may break
down the highest of barriers, may warm the hardest of hearts.
I think, for instance, of a person who is now a close friend of mine. But when I first
knew him, he was not a Christian - and nothing I said could ever convince him of the
truth as it is in Jesus. But eventually he came to faith - and he came to faith as a result
of reading Malcolm Muggeridge's book Something Beautiful for God, a book which
tells the story of Mother Teresa’s love for the poor.
The fact is that love can melt the hardest of hearts.
So, let’s ensure that we do love – and let’s see people opening their hearts to Jesus
precisely because of the love we have shown them.
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Paul is the chairman of Ministry Today, as also the College of Baptist Ministers, and from 1993 – 2014 was Senior Minister of Central Baptist Church, Chelmsford. He can be contacted at [email protected].
© Paul Beasley-Murray, 2010 - 2015.
All rights reserved.